The last few years have meant a revolution in the world of genetics. A decade ago the sequencing of the human genome cost very high figures. Today that price has been reduced to only a fraction making possible for thousands of researchers from all over the world to sequence their studies cheaper and make way to endless possibilities in the field. For example there is the chance of studying the wide ethnic richness that surrounds us: Latin America and Caribbean whose development of regional human genetics is possible through the efforts of Latin American researchers.
Nowadays in Uruguay is possible to decode the genome composition of its population. What is a genome? It is the map that contains the instructions of how a living being will develop in the course of its life. Its study can provide us with important data which helps to improve the life quality and patient treatment of many people.
The Urugenomes project in collaboration with the Institut Pasteur of Montevideo and the National University of Seoul have engaged to decode the Uruguayan genome composition and therefore establishing the origins of the diseases that most affect us. This agreement allowed the development of the genomic medicine area in our country. In this regard the project coordinator Hugo Naya explains: “Populations have different genomic compositions. When it comes to comprehend the link between diseases or drug responses it is necessary to understand the local population.”
The project received around one million dollars investment from the Inter-American Development Bank and the Institut Pasteur. It was carried out in three phases that involved the study of 80 genomes.